The Arab awakening

December 1, 2011 by

Sul risveglio arabo

It seems that in the middle of the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, Louis XVI has asked one of the butlers, "What's going on? A revolt? "." No, sire - the answer would be. This is not a revolt. It 'a revolution. " I do not know if such a dialogue has played a key role also Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Muammar Gaddafi and Ali Abdallah Saleh, the four Arab dictator whose heads have already rolled by when, a year ago, began the earthquake goes by the name of "Arab Springs". What is certain is that the upheavals in progress, whether or not   real revolutions, from top to bottom are reshaping the geopolitical map of North Africa and the Middle East. And the first pieces of the new puzzle are already on the table.

Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, albeit in different ways - and different degrees of resistance expressed by the old regimes - have already seen change their policy and institutional framework. More or less profound transformations are also underway in Kuwait, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Bahrain and even Saudi Arabia, under the pressure of a square than ever as now seems awash with and above all determined to pursue the goals it is given . A creeping civil war has invested finally Syria and has delegitimized the authority of the Assad family, now in free fall. In practice, what is giving - piece by piece - is the division of powers emerged at the end of World War II, on the basis of the interests and alliances by the old colonial powers. And the new map of the region will eventually promote a new balance and new geopolitical data with which to be confronted.

The first is the advent of a new political Islam, in all forms that will be studied. The victory in the elections before Ennhada in Tunisia, then the PJD in Morocco, and finally the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt are the unmistakable signal that the Arab world of the near future will be built around all "Islam, that is, with explicit references to tradition and the religion of the vast majority of the population. E 'in many ways a conservative choice, but this was widely expected, after which for fifty years had succeeded secularists and authoritarian regimes, which had relegated religion to the private sphere, sometimes mortifying. Comforted, however, the fact that the model for these Islamic parties both Turkey's Recip Erdogan, namely a Muslim country but modern, not at all fundamentalist. Instead groped for a comparison with the 'Italy, these parties have a lot in common with the old Christian Democrats, a party whose values ​​could not be shared, but they were still compatible with individual freedom and the exercise of democracy. It 's the case, therefore, to abandon prejudices and even commonplace. Why Islam that is emerging today in these countries is not reducible to the veil for women and bearded men.

{Lang: 'en'}


  1. Qaundo say about Syria "deligittimato the authority of the Assad family" mean abroad, or in the country? I ask this because so far it seems to me the same script Libya, with every reason to suspect that this gives.

    • admin

      No, careful, it is not the same script Libyan. The rebellion against Assad is real and people, though now even opponents are armed. Read the correspondence of Lorenzo Trombetta (on site SiriaLibano) or the newly released book by Antonella Appiano.

  2. adele

    In a time when religious extremism is trying to appropriate the legacy of the "Arab Spring", I would like the novel-truth Ilaria Guidantoni, "Tunis, taxi one-way" (NO REPLY Publisher), which has the merit to bring us back to the phase richer in turmoil and expectations in the country where it all started: Tunisia summer-autumn 2011.
    The author, through the literary device of a protagonist her alter-ego, Sophie - which comes as European journalist who wants to write a report to tell the revolution and understand why - it moves through the streets of Tunis on board taxi to find out what happened after the flight of former President Ben Ali and which phase the country is going through conflicting pressure to reform, expectations of change but also fears and uncertainties about future developments. Taxi drivers, a group particularly sensitive to political changes, are the first partners of the protagonist during the regime of Ben Ali, were government spies, with which it was necessary to be very cautious and avoid exposure; during the days of street protests and against the escape of the former president, have become all revolutionaries and, once the party's pro-moderate Islamist Ennahda won a majority in elections last October, all became pro-government. Are real litmus test of political change, which "accompany" Sophie exploring the post-revolutionary Tunisia and the meeting with his players: students, bloggers, politicians, but also civil society as booksellers, artists or ordinary citizens with their enthusiasm and at the same time with the uncertainty and confusion that inevitably crop up in a time of upheaval so sudden and radical.
    From the conversations of the protagonist, the Italian-French educated and a little 'disillusioned with the people I met in Tunis emerge the contrast between the exhaustion of the Old Continent, where people seem inexorably dormant and addicted to the status quo, with respect to the youth of a country who is savoring for the first time in its history the heady scent of freedom and change and that, even if in part frightened by the unknowns of the future, has had the courage to clamor for their rights and their claims, first of greater dignity, and this is justly proud.
    Of course, next to the political centrality of the subject, the book offers many more ideas, being a journey in effect also in daily life, discovering places, traditions, stories, flavors of a country that we will discover incredibly close, not only geographically , Italy.
    Besides telling Tunisia in a time of change and rediscovery of their identity, Ilaria Guidantoni through the pages of this book, also makes an invitation to rediscover the common roots of the Mediterranean as a place where, since ancient times, different cultures have coexisted influencing and enriching each other and look at each bank the other as the land of opportunity, comparison and exchange. Moreover, it will be just that they will try to make Sophie, living way down the opportunity of the trip as an opportunity for change and leaving open, in an open ending - that the reader will be pleased to complete with their imagination - the decision or less to return to Paris.

    • admin

      I decided to post this comment though, speaking very frankly, has the air of being a "hustler". And I'm very sorry. Because I know Ilaria, the author of the book of which we speak, and there was no need to enhance it in a manner so shameless. Me too "TUNIS: TAXI OF ONE WAY" is not sorry. But from here to turn it in the book of the century - as does the zealous Adele - well, it takes.
      OLD IRONS is an open blog and everyone can realize perusing the comments authorize. There would be nothing bad to report books, articles or reflections that can enlarge and stimulate debate on the issues that stretch. But the hustlers no, please, let us hold out the door.

  3. Orlando

    But, seriously, how do you leave the "tricks" out the door of a journalist?

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