On the Arab awakening

December 1, 2011 by

Sul risveglio arabo

It seems that in the middle of the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, Louis XVI had asked one of the butlers, "What's going on? A revolt? "." No, sir - it would have been the answer. This is not a revolt. It 'a revolution. " I do not know if such a dialogue has also played a key role Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Muammar Gaddafi and Ali Abdullah Saleh, the four Arab dictator whose heads have already rolled since a year ago, began the earthquake that goes under the name of "Arab Springs." It is certain that the turmoil going on, whether or not   true revolutions, from top to bottom are reshaping the geopolitical map of North Africa and the Middle East. And the first pieces of the new puzzle are already on the table.

Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, albeit in different ways - and different degrees of resistance expressed by the old regimes - have already seen changing their policy and institutional framework. More or less profound changes are also taking place in Kuwait, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Bahrain, and even Saudi Arabia, under the pressure of a square that today more than ever is especially rich in enzymes and determined in pursuing the objectives that you are given . A creeping civil war has finally hit Syria and has legitimized the authority of the Assad family, now in free fall. In practice, what is failing - piece by piece - is the division of powers emerged at the end of World War II, on the basis of the interests and alliances from the former colonial powers. And the new map of the region will eventually promote a new balance and new geopolitical data which have to deal with.

The first is the advent of a new political Islam in ways that will all be studied. The election victory of Ennhada first in Tunisia, then the PJD in Morocco, and finally the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt are a clear signal that the Arab world of the near future will be built around all "Islam, ie with explicit references to tradition and the religion of the overwhelming majority of the population. And 'in many ways a conservative choice, but this was widely expected, after which for fifty years had succeeded secularist and authoritarian regimes, which had relegated religion to the private sphere, sometimes mortifying. Comforting, however, the fact that the reference model for these Islamist parties is Recip Erdogan of Turkey, namely a Muslim country but modern, not at all fundamentalist. Instead groped for a comparison with the 'Italy, these parties have much in common with the old Christian Democrats, a party whose values ​​could not be shared, but they were still compatible with individual freedom and the exercise of democracy. It 's the case, therefore, to abandon the stereotypes and prejudices. Why Islam that is emerging today in these countries is not reducible to the veil for women and the beards of men.

{Lang: 'en'}

6 Comments

  1. Qaundo say about Syria's "deligittimato the authority of the Assad family" mean to foreign countries, or in the country? I ask this because so far it seems to me the same script of Libya, with every reason to suspect that this gives.

    • admin

      No, attentive, it is not the same script in Libya. The rebellion against Assad is real and the people, although even now opponents are armed. Read the correspondence of Lorenzo Trombetta (on site SiriaLibano) or the newly released book by Antonella Appiano.

  2. adele

    In a time when religious extremism is trying to steal the inheritance of the "Arab spring", I would like the novel-truth Ilaria Guidantoni, "Tunis taxi one-way" (NO REPLY Publisher), which has the merit to bring us back to the phase richer in excitement and expectations in the country where it all began: Tunisia summer-fall 2011.
    The author, through the literary device of a protagonist's alter-ego, Sophie - who presents himself as European journalist who wants to write a report to describe and understand the reasons for the revolution - it moves through the streets of Tunis on board taxi to find out what happened after the flight of former President Ben Ali and what stage the country is going through conflicting pressure to reform, expectations of change but also fears and uncertainties about future developments. Taxi drivers, a group particularly sensitive to policy changes, are the first speakers of the protagonist during the regime of Ben Ali, were government spies, with whom it was necessary to be very cautious and avoid exposure; during the days of street protests and against the escape of the former president, have all become revolutionaries and, once the party's pro-moderate Islamist Ennahda won a majority in elections last October, have all become pro-government. They are the real litmus test of political change, which "accompany" Sophie discover the post-revolutionary Tunisia and meeting with his players: students, bloggers, politicians, but also representatives of civil society such as booksellers, artists or ordinary citizens with their enthusiasm and at the same time with the uncertainty and confusion that inevitably crop up in a time of upheaval so sudden and radical.
    From the interviews of the protagonist, the Italian-French educated and a little 'disillusioned with the people I met in Tunis reveals the contrast between the fatigue of the Old Continent, where people seem inexorably dormant and addicted to the status quo with respect to the youth of a country , who is savoring for the first time in its history, the heady scent of freedom and change, and that, even if in part frightened by the unknowns of the future, he had the nerve to complain loudly of their rights and their demands, first of all of greater dignity, and this is justly proud.
    Of course, next to the central political argument, the book offers many other insights, being a trip to all intents and purposes in daily life, discovering places, traditions, stories, flavors of a country that we will discover incredibly close, not only geographically , Italy.
    In addition to Tunisia tell us in a time of change and discovery of one's identity, Ilaria Guidantoni through the pages of this book, also makes an invitation to rediscover the common roots of the Mediterranean as a place where, since ancient times, many cultures have coexisted influencing and enriching each other and watching each other from each side as a land of opportunity, comparison and exchange. Moreover, it will try to do exactly what Sophie, living to the full the opportunities of the trip as an opportunity for change and leaving open, in an open ending - the reader will be pleased to complete with their own imagination - the decision returning or less in Paris.

    • admin

      I decided to publish this comment though, speaking very frankly, has the air of being a "hustler." And I'm very sorry. Because I know Ilaria, the author of the book of which you speak, and there was no need to enhance it in a manner so blatant. Me too "TUNIS: TAXI ONE WAY" is not sorry. But from here to turn it into the book of the century - as does the zealous Adele - well, it takes.
      OLD IRONS is an open blog and anyone can realize it by browsing the comments authorize. There would be nothing wrong to report books, articles or reflections that can enlarge and stimulate debate on the issues that stretch. But no tricks, please, let us hold out the door.

  3. Orlando

    But, seriously, how do you leave the "tricks" out the door of a journalist?

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