The Arab awakening
It seems that in the middle of the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, Louis XVI has asked one of the butlers, "What's going on? A revolt? "." No, sire - the answer would be. This is not a revolt. It 'a revolution. " I do not know if such a dialogue has also played a key role Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Muammar Gaddafi and Ali Abdullah Saleh, the four Arab dictator whose heads have already rolled when, a year ago, began the earthquake that goes under the name of "Arab Spring." What is certain is that the upheavals in the course, whether or not true revolutions, from top to bottom are reshaping the geopolitical map of North Africa and the Middle East. And the first pieces of the puzzle are already on the table.
Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, albeit in different ways - and different degrees of resistance expressed by the old regimes - have already seen change their policy and institutional framework. More or less deep transformations are also underway in Kuwait, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Bahrain and even in Saudi Arabia, under the pressure of a square that today more than ever is especially rich in enzymes and determined in pursuing the goals it is given . A creeping civil war has finally invested Syria and has delegitimized the authority of the Assad family, now in free fall. In practice, what is failing - piece by piece - is the division of powers emerged at the end of World War II, on the basis of the interests and covenants made by the former colonial powers. And the new map of the region will eventually promote a new balance and new geopolitical data which have to deal with.
The first is the advent of a new political Islam in ways that will all be studied. The victory in the elections before Ennhada in Tunisia, then the PJD in Morocco, and finally the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt are the unmistakable signal that the Arab world of the near future will be built around all "Islam, ie with explicit references to tradition and the religion of the overwhelming majority of the population. E 'in many ways a conservative choice, but this was widely expected, after which for fifty years had succeeded secularist and authoritarian regimes, which had relegated religion to the private sphere, sometimes mortifying. Comfort, however, the fact that the reference model for these Islamist parties is Recip Erdogan of Turkey, namely a Muslim country but modern, not at all fundamentalist. Instead groped for a comparison with the 'Italy, these parties have much in common with the old Christian Democrats, a party whose values could not be shared, but they were still compatible with individual freedom and the exercise of democracy. It 's the case, therefore, to abandon the stereotypes and prejudices. Why Islam that is emerging today in these countries is not reducible to the veil for women and the beards of men.