The Arab awakening

December 1st, 2011 by

Sul risveglio arabo

It seems that in the middle of the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, Louis XVI has asked one of the stewards, "What's going on? A revolt? "." No, sir - the answer would be. This is not a revolt. It 'a revolution. " I do not know if such a dialogue has also played a key role Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Muammar Gaddafi and Ali Abdullah Saleh, the four Arab dictator whose heads have already rolled since a year ago, began the earthquake that goes by the name of "Arab Springs". What is certain is that the turmoil going on, whether or not   real revolutions are redesigning it from top to bottom of the geopolitical map of North Africa and the Middle East. And the first pieces of the new puzzle are already on the table.

Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, albeit in different ways - and different levels of resistance expressed by the old regimes - have already seen change their policy and institutional framework. More or less profound changes are also taking place in Kuwait, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Bahrain and even Saudi Arabia, under the pressure of a square that today more than ever is especially rich in enzymes and determined in pursuing the objectives it has set . A civil war finally creeping invested Syria and has de-legitimized the authority of the Assad family, now in free fall. In practice, what is failing - piece by piece - is the division of powers emerged at the end of World War II, on the basis of the interests and covenants made by the former colonial powers. And the new map of the region will eventually promote a new balance and new geopolitical data which have to deal with.

The first is the advent of a new political Islam in ways that will all be studied. The election victory before Ennhada in Tunisia, then the PJD in Morocco, and finally the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt are the clear signal that the Arab world of the near future will be built around all "Islam, ie with explicit references to tradition and the religion of the overwhelming majority of the population. And 'in many ways a conservative choice, but this was largely expected after that for fifty years had taken place secularists and authoritarian regimes, which had relegated religion to the private sphere, sometimes mortifying. Comfort, however, the fact that the model for these Islamist parties is Recip Erdogan of Turkey, which is a Muslim country, but modern, not at all fundamentalist. To groped instead a comparison with the 'Italy, these parties have a lot in common with the old Christian Democratic Party, a party whose values ​​could not be shared, but they were still compatible with individual freedom and the exercise of democracy. It 's the case, therefore, to abandon prejudice and the stereotypes. Why Islam that is emerging today in these countries can not be reduced to the veil for women and the beards of men.

{Lang: 'en'}

6 Comments

  1. Qaundo say about Syria's "deligittimato the authority of the Assad family" mean abroad or in the country? I ask because so far it seems to me the same script in Libya, with every reason to suspect that this gives.

    • admin

      No, attentive, it is not the same scenario in Libya. The rebellion against Assad is real and people, but now even the opponents are armed. Read the correspondence of Lorenzo Trombetta (on site SiriaLibano) or the newly released book by Antonella Appiano.

  2. adele

    In a time when religious extremism is trying to steal the inheritance of the "Arab spring", I would like the novel-truth Ilaria Guidantoni, "Tunis taxi one-way" (NO REPLY Publisher), which has the merit to bring us back to the stage for great excitement and expectations of the country where it all began: Tunisia summer-autumn 2011.
    The author, through the literary device of a character's alter-ego, Sophie - who describes himself as a journalist European who wants to write a report to describe the revolution and find out why - it moves through the streets of Tunis on board taxis to find out what happened after the flight of former President Ben Ali and which phase the country is going through conflicting pressure to reform, expectations of change but also fear and uncertainty about future developments. Taxi drivers, a group particularly sensitive to policy changes, are the first speakers of the protagonist during the regime of Ben Ali, were government spies, which in fact had to be very cautious and avoid exposure; during the days of street protests and against the escape of the former president, have all become revolutionaries and, once the pro-moderate Islamist Ennahda won a majority in elections last October, have all become pro-government. They are the real litmus test of political change, which "accompany" Sophie discover the post-revolutionary Tunisia and meeting with its characters: students, bloggers, politicians, as well as representatives of civil society such as booksellers, artists and ordinary citizens with their enthusiasm and at the same time with the uncertainty and doubts that inevitably crop up in a time of upheaval so sudden and radical.
    Interviews of the protagonist, the Italian-French educated and a little 'disillusioned with the people I met in Tunis reveals the contrast between the fatigue of the Old Continent, where people seem inexorably asleep and addicted to the status quo with respect to the youth of a country who is savoring for the first time in its history the heady scent of freedom and change, and that, while some frightened by the uncertainty of the future, had the courage to clamor for their rights and their demands, first of all of greater dignity, and this is justly proud.
    Of course, next to the central political argument, the book offers many other ideas, as a trip to all intents and purposes in everyday life, to discover places, traditions, stories, flavors of a country that we find incredibly close, not only geographically , Italy.
    In addition to telling Tunisia in a time of change and discovery of one's identity, Ilaria Guidantoni through the pages of this book, also makes an invitation to rediscover the common roots of the Mediterranean as a place where, since ancient times, many cultures have coexisted influencing and enriching each other and look to each side of the other as a land of opportunity, dialogue and exchange. On the other hand, will try to do exactly what Sophie, living the way down the opportunity of the trip as an opportunity for change and leaving open, in an open ending - the reader will be pleased to complete with their own imagination - the decision to return or less in Paris.

    • admin

      I decided to publish this comment though, speaking very frankly, he looks to be a "hustler." And I'm very sorry. Because I know Ilaria, the author of the book of which you speak, and there was no need to enhance it in a manner so blatant. Me too "TUNIS: TAXI ONE WAY" is not sorry. But from here to make it the book of the century - as does the zealous Adele - well, it takes.
      OLD IRONS is an open blog and anyone can realize it by browsing the comments authorize. There would be no harm to point out books, articles or insights that can enlarge and stimulate discussion on the issues that stretch. But no tricks, please, let us hold out the door.

  3. Orlando

    But, seriously, how do you leave the "tricks" out the door of a journalist?

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