The Arab awakening
It seems that in the middle of the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, Louis XVI has asked one of the butlers, "What's going on? A revolt? "." No, sire - the answer would be. This is not a revolt. It 'a revolution. " I do not know if such a dialogue has played a key role also Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Muammar Gaddafi and Ali Abdallah Saleh, the four Arab dictator whose heads have already rolled by when, a year ago, began the earthquake goes by the name of "Arab Springs". What is certain is that the upheavals in progress, whether or not real revolutions, from top to bottom are reshaping the geopolitical map of North Africa and the Middle East. And the first pieces of the new puzzle are already on the table.
Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen, albeit in different ways - and different degrees of resistance expressed by the old regimes - have already seen change their policy and institutional framework. More or less profound transformations are also underway in Kuwait, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Bahrain and even Saudi Arabia, under the pressure of a square than ever as now seems awash with and above all determined to pursue the goals it is given . A creeping civil war has invested finally Syria and has delegitimized the authority of the Assad family, now in free fall. In practice, what is giving - piece by piece - is the division of powers emerged at the end of World War II, on the basis of the interests and alliances by the old colonial powers. And the new map of the region will eventually promote a new balance and new geopolitical data with which to be confronted.
The first is the advent of a new political Islam, in all forms that will be studied. The victory in the elections before Ennhada in Tunisia, then the PJD in Morocco, and finally the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt are the unmistakable signal that the Arab world of the near future will be built around all "Islam, that is, with explicit references to tradition and the religion of the vast majority of the population. E 'in many ways a conservative choice, but this was widely expected, after which for fifty years had succeeded secularists and authoritarian regimes, which had relegated religion to the private sphere, sometimes mortifying. Comforted, however, the fact that the model for these Islamic parties both Turkey's Recip Erdogan, namely a Muslim country but modern, not at all fundamentalist. Instead groped for a comparison with the 'Italy, these parties have a lot in common with the old Christian Democrats, a party whose values could not be shared, but they were still compatible with individual freedom and the exercise of democracy. It 's the case, therefore, to abandon prejudices and even commonplace. Why Islam that is emerging today in these countries is not reducible to the veil for women and bearded men.