L’arte della falsità digitale

ott 1, 2011 by

L’arte della falsità digitale

(*) Fonte: Stuart Jeffries, Guardian.co.uk , 29 settembre 2011 (ripreso da Nicola Bruno)

“In the 1970s, Italian philosopher Umberto Eco took a trip through the US. He stopped off at wax museums, Las Vegas and Disneyland and found a dense, semiotic landscape of fakes that trumped the relatively boring desert of the real. At one point on his journey, Eco wrote: “When, in the space of 24 hours, you go (as I did deliberately) from the fake New Orleans of Disneyland to the real one, and from the wild river of Adventureland to a trip on the Mississippi, where the captain of the paddle-wheel steamer says it is possible to see alligators on the banks of the river and then you don’t see any, you risk feeling homesick for Disneyland, where the wild animals don’t have to be coaxed. Disneyland tells us that technology can give us more reality than nature can.”

I reread Eco’s Travels in Hyperreality recently when thinking about the manifold kinds of fakery in the digital age – fake Twitter feeds, phoney Facebook accounts, staged internet suicides, and those Wikipedia pages undetectably mined with lies. Today’s digital technology offers us even more chances than Disneyland ever could to revel in hyperreal – or perhaps that should read cyberreal – fakery. And we eagerly explore those opportunities for reasons about which Eco was unwittingly prescient when in 1975 he wrote “the frantic desire for the Almost Real arises only as a neurotic reaction to the vacuum of memories; the Absolute Fake is offspring of the unhappy awareness of a present without depth.”

Hence, perhaps, some of my favourite satirical fake Twitter feeds. Such as “Dick Cheney”: “Won a baboon on eBay. Condition as-is, but I’m going to use the little guy for parts anyway. Never know when the ticker might blow a valve.” Or “Osama Bin Laden”: “Door-tag from UPS Ground says hazardous materials can’t be delivered – curse the infidels! Off to UPS depot.” Or Transformers director “Michael Bay”: “No, I don’t know who ‘Fellini’ is and quite frankly I don’t give a shit.”

Hence, too, ITV’s risible recent booboo when it had to apologise for showing footage purporting to be from an IRA propaganda video that turned out to be footage from a video game. Its documentary Exposure was aimed at showing links between Gadaffi and the IRA. But what was hilarious about the story was not so much ITV’s apology, but what Marek Spanel, chief executive of the game’s developer Bohemia Interactive Studio, told games website Spong: “We consider this as a bizarre appreciation of the level of realism incorporated into our games.” The game looked so real that it could pass as something better than a fake.

Or, too, phoney Facebook pages such as the one purporting to be that of a teacher in Bloomington, Indiana and including inappropriate messages to students, such as: “Happy birthday, you have my permission to get intoxicated.” Now police are considering bringing charges of identity theft – if they can find the culprit.

Perhaps Jennie Bone should also ask the police about her identity theft. Earlier this year, her husband Peter Bone MP raised questions in the house about tweets purporting to be from his wife that were really concocted by some so-far unidentified satirist. The impersonator posted comments on Twitter such as, “All eyes on PMQs – will Mr Cameron do his best to give me pleasure today? I live in hope”; “Liberal euronut bias even in Daily Mail today – is nothing sacred? EU won’t bribe me with cheap phone bill”; and “Preparing stuffed marrow for dinner.”

Peter Bone told the Commons that his wife’s twitterjacker “could put something racist or pornographic on at any time”. Perhaps, but it seems unlikely: many fake Twitter feeds risk diverging significantly from the impersonated’s real views or tones only at the risk of losing coveted plausibility. Last year, for instance, the great German philosopher Jürgen Habermas was twitterjacked. At 5.38pm on 29 January, “Jürgen Habermas” tweeted: “It’s true that the internet has reactivated the grass-roots of an egalitarian public sphere of writers and readers.” At 5.40pm: “It also counterbalances the deficits from the impersonal and asymmetrical character of broadcasting insofar as…” At 5.41pm: “…it reintroduces deliberative elements in communication. Besides that, it can undermine the censorship of authoritarian regimes…” At 5.44pm: “But the rise of millions of fragmented discussions across the world tend instead to lead to fragmentation of audiences into isolated publics.”

I fed these tweets into Google and found that they were all taken from footnote three to the English translation of Habermas’s funtime 2006 paper Political Communication in Media Society: Does Democracy Still Enjoy an Epistemic Dimension? Somebody had tweeted Habermas’s real words without his imprimatur – hardly the hoax of the century. But Habermas told me later: “It irritated me because the sender’s identity was a fake.”

Neither fake Jennie Bone nor phoney Jürgen Habermas, though, was as contemptible as what Professor Orlando Figes did. The historian posted disparaging reviews of books by rivals on Amazon, using the alias “historian” – and thus making him guilty of what’s known as sock puppetry. His posts described Rachel Polonsky’s book Molotov’s Magic Lantern “hard to follow” and Robert Service’s Comrades “awful”, while praising his study of Soviet family life, The Whisperers, for leaving “the reader awed, humbled, yet uplifted”.

To do a spot of sock puppetry or twitterjacking is so technically easy that, for some, it becomes irresistible. It can boost your reputation and damage someone else’s – until that horrible moment you get found out. One of the lures doing so is, as Eco found, dull reality gets trumped by fakery. In dreary reality, the lesbian blogger in Damascus is an uninterestingly heterosexual American studying in Edinburgh.

It’s perhaps fitting that some of this fakery touched on the Middle East, since it was there that, according to the late French philosopher of the hyperreal Jean Baudrillard, one of the modern world’s biggest fakes, namely the first Gulf war, happened – or, rather, did not. Baudrillard argued that even though real violence happened in this alleged conflict, the US-led coalition was fighting a virtual war while the Iraqis tried to fight a traditional one – the two could not entirely meet. The suggestion that what happened in Kuwait and Iraq in 1990-91 amounted to war was therefore, Baudrillard contended, a fake: rather it was “an atrocity masquerading as war”.

This is an age in which technology makes it easier than ever to lie or concoct fakes, but, quite often, makes it harder than ever to prevent oneself being found out. Michael Bay recently digitally inserted old footage of a chase sequence from his 2005 flop The Island in Transformers: Dark of the Moon – but was quickly exposed by bloggers. The speed with which a fake is exposed is perhaps the only heartening aspect of this story.

In another example, adventurer Greg Mortenson was exposed for writing a bestseller that partially faked his experiences among Pakistani villagers. He was hardly the first faux memoirist; indeed, you could sense Guardian journalists shaking their heads sadly as they typed: “The troubled world of book publishing has become almost wearily accustomed to receiving yet more bad news of a critically acclaimed memoir that turns out to have been partly or entirely fabricated.”

Mortenson is author of the bestselling Three Cups of Tea, a memoir so convincing and moving that not only did the book sell 4m copies, but Barack Obama gave $100,000 of his Nobel prize to Mortenson’s Central Asia Institute. It tells of how he stumbled into the village of Korphe, where locals saved his life and inspired him to give something back by devoting himself to building schools in the area. Only one problem: according to fellow adventurer Jon Krakauer, who has written an ebook called Three Cups of Deceit, none of that happened. “The first eight chapters of Three Cups of Tea are an intricately wrought work of fiction presented as fact,” Krakauer said, accusing Mortenson of “fantasy, audacity and an apparently insatiable hunger for esteem”. The extent of the fake is still being unravelled.

A similar apparently insatiable hunger for esteem is, it is claimed, what motivated Independent journalist Johann Hari to plagiarise quotes for his interviews. In his initial mea culpa, Hari denied plagiarism: “When you interview a writer … they will sometimes make a point that sounds clear when you hear it, but turns out to be incomprehensible or confusing on the page. In those instances, I have sometimes substituted a passage they have written or said more clearly elsewhere on the same subject for what they said to me, so the reader understands their point as clearly as possible.”

That was only part of his transgression. He also used a sock puppet “David r” to edit his Wikipedia profile and malign his critics.

In one sense, perhaps, the Johann Hari who won many awards for his reporting is, like Disneyland’s fake New Orleans, a hyperreal construct. Possibly, the actual Johann Hari suspected his intolerable mediocrity and so re-presented himself through online fakery. And, just as Eco felt a nostalgia for the fake Mississippi paddle-steamer trip when going on the phoney Disneyland one, so the disgraced Johann Hari may feel nostalgia for his faked-up hyperreal self.

Hari is yet another example of what human beings do given half the chance – namely, present themselves as what they are not. Remember Second Life? Me neither, but apparently it allowed mediocre muppets (such as myself) to reinvent themselves as sexy avatars, as hyperreal projections of their fantasies. The digital age facilitates the creation of such alternative identities in cyberspace. Philosopher Slavoj Žižek in The Cyberspace Real writes: “The ‘real’ upon which cyberspace encroaches is thus the disavowed fantasmatic ‘passionate attachment’, the traumatic scene which not only never took place in ‘real life,’ but was never even consciously fantasized”.

Žižek writes that online we can create a “space of false disidentification”, by which he means we can put on a mask to reveal who we want to be if not who we truly are. “Is this logic of disidentification not discernible from the most elementary case of ‘I am not only an American (husband, worker, democrat, gay …), but, beneath all these roles and masks, a human being, a complex unique personality’ (where the very distance towards the symbolic feature that determines my social place guarantees the efficiency of this determination), up to the more complex case of cyberspace playing with one’s multiple identities?” Furthermore, online we can assume or play with fake identities – sadist, masochist, toxic blog-poster, cookie-jar-collecting weirdo – that we would never admit to or condone in the real world.

But Žižek spots a lie in this purported revelation of our true selves online: “[T]he much celebrated playing with multiple, shifting personas (freely constructed identities) tends to obfuscate (and thus falsely liberate us from) the constraints of social space in which our existence is caught.” Facebook friends may well not be real ones; losing yourself in your World of Warfare avatars’ lifestyle issues wastes valuable time you could spend changing your real world.

There is so much digital-age fakery that scepticism is readily engendered by anything that might seem phoney. When, for instance, Alex Thomas and Scott Jones were photographed snogging in the street during the Vancouver ice-hockey riots earlier this year, some thought the picture was fake. The shot looked so much like a photographer’s wish fulfilment, it had to be phoney. But it wasn’t.

Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, professor of internet governance and regulation at the Oxford Internet Institute, says: “The digital age is difficult. We’re in a Foucauldian postmodern world where we can’t tell the truth from fakery.”

Mayer-Schönberger argues that several things are happening in the digital age that undermine our ability to tell the fake from the real. “We see more and more of plagiarism in the digital age than in the analogue.” But what is more problematic, he argues, is when faked information or faked personas pose as authentic. “In George W Bush’s presidential campaign against John Kerry there was a report claiming Kerry’s military record was faked. The internet was very fast as revealing that document was a forgery. Because it was put online, several experts saw that the document was typed on a typewriter that didn’t exist in the 1970s and so the document was quickly exposed as a fake.”

This is heartening – the internet being the solution to, rather than cause of, fakery. But, for Mayer-Schönberger, the problem in the digital era is that we don’t have heuristics or rules of thumb to expose its characteristic fakes. “In the digital world, by contrast with the analogue, the idea of original and copy doesn’t apply any more.” He points out that Adobe now advertises its flagship upgrade project as being able to take two photographs of a person and to transfer a smile seamlessly from one image to the other. There are also digital services in the US that will remove your ex-partner from your photos. “Is that fakery? Yes. Is that ethically problematic? I don’t know, but legally it could be odd. Imagine your ex is charged with murder and she comes to you asking for those photos of your trip to Hawaii – which were taken at the same time as the murder took place somewhere else – as evidence to clear her name. But you’ve had her erased from the images. The technical tools are powerful but the social or legal or ethical tools can’t keep up.”

Cyberspace, he argues, is so riven with fakes and errors that institutions have been compelled to take remedial action to maintain their integrity. Take Wikipedia. It had a crowdsourcing model of information dissemination – whereby entries could be written and corrected by anybody, the hopeful aim being that this process would result in pages that were unimpeachably true (a beautiful dream, but beautiful nonetheless).

“But there was a problem,” says Mayer-Schönberger, “that there was a lot inaccuracy and fake information. Wikipedia needed to develop structures to overcome this problem and basically this has involved the return to an old hierarchy that the crowdsourcing model was supposed to overcome. Now you trust not the editor but the super-editor or the super-super editor. It’s hierarchy of trust.”

So what’s his prognosis for online fakery? “It’s going to get much worse because technical rules to stop it are often almost impossible to implement. When you send a jpeg you may have photoshopped it but there’s no way of the recipient determining what has been photoshopped. You could just say it has been cropped rather than that the content has been changed – somebody taken out of the picture, someone else put in – but it is almost impossible to prove. Increasingly, you can’t tell truth from lies in the digital age.”

Mayer-Schönberger and I conducted this interview on Skype while he was holidaying in the Austrian Alps. At one point, he held up his webcam to show me marvellous views of lakes and mountains. Or did he? Given what digital tools are capable of, perhaps that wasn’t Austria or Viktor Mayer-Schönberger at all.

• As the result of a production error, a number of the links in this article were broken. They have now been fixed.

{lang: 'it'}

7 Comments

  1. Right after all, what an excellent website and beneficial posts, I’ll upload inbound website link – bookmark this website internet site? Regards, Reader.

  2. Hello, I believe your internet site may be getting browser compatibility troubles. When I appear at your internet site in Safari, it seems good but when opening in Net Explorer, it’s some overlapping. I just wished to provide you with a swift heads up! Other then that, great web site!

  3. I like Your Article about L’arte della falsità digitale | Ferri Vecchi Perfect just what I was searching for! .

  4. I’ve been browsing online more than four hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally
    If all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.
    Best Regards Lisa

  5. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I’m quite certain I will learn lots of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
    Best Regards Craig

  6. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I actually
    enjoyed reading it, you’re a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back down the road. I want to encourage one to continue your great job, have a nice evening!
    I absolutely love your blog and find most of your post’s to
    be just what I’m looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you personally? I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write
    in relation to here. Again, awesome site!
    We stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought
    I may as well check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to checking out your web page again.
    Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the superb works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.
    Hi I am so delighted I found your website, I really found you by mistake, while I was browsing on Digg for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say thanks for a fantastic post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great work.
    Admiring the time and effort you put into your website and detailed information you present. It’s nice to come across
    a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed material. Excellent read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.
    Hi! I’ve been reading your website for some time now and finally got the
    courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Kingwood Texas!

    Just wanted to say keep up the excellent job!

    I’m really loving the theme/design of your website. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A small number of my blog visitors have complained about my website not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any solutions to help fix this problem?
    I am curious to find out what blog system you happen to be using? I’m experiencing
    some minor security issues with my latest site and I’d like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any recommendations?
    Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written
    and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any recommendations for rookie blog writers?
    I’d genuinely appreciate it.
    Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s
    tough to get that “perfect balance” between superb usability and appearance.
    I must say that you’ve done a very good job with this. In addition, the blog loads super quick for me on Safari. Exceptional Blog!
    Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your website? My blog site is in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would genuinely benefit from a lot of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this alright with you. Many thanks!
    Hey there would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re utilizing?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a fair price? Cheers, I appreciate it!
    Very good site you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics talked about in this article? I’d really
    like to be a part of community where I can get feedback from other experienced people that share the same
    interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Bless you!
    Hi there! This is my 1st comment here so I just
    wanted to give a quick shout out and say I genuinely enjoy
    reading through your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums
    that deal with the same topics? Many thanks!
    Do you have a spam problem on this website; I also am a blogger,
    and I was wondering your situation; many of
    us have developed some nice practices and we are looking to trade solutions with
    others, be sure to shoot me an email if interested.

    Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site. You have some really good articles and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d
    love to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to
    mine. Please blast me an email if interested.
    Thank you!
    Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. Nevertheless think
    about if you added some great visuals or videos to give your posts
    more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics
    and video clips, this site could certainly be one of the very best
    in its niche. Great blog!
    Nice blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your theme. Thank you
    Hello would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with? I’m looking to start my own blog
    soon but I’m having a hard time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.

    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

    Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in
    your content seem to be running off the screen in Opera.
    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let
    you know. The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Thanks
    With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement?
    My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my permission. Do you know any techniques to help reduce content from being ripped off? I’d genuinely appreciate
    it.
    Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on other
    sites? I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss
    and would love to have you share some stories/information.
    I know my visitors would appreciate your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.
    Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely loving the information.
    I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and fantastic style and design.
    Fantastic blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers? I’m planning
    to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m totally confused .
    . Any ideas? Thanks a lot!
    My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .
    net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on several websites for about a year and
    am concerned about switching to another platform. I have heard
    fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!
    Does your site have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to shoot you
    an e-mail. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.
    It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d certainly donate to this
    brilliant blog! I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will share this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!
    Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break.

    I really like the information you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how fast
    your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, wonderful blog!
    Howdy! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing a blog article or vice-versa? My website discusses a lot of the same topics as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Fantastic blog by the way!
    At this time it looks like Drupal is the preferred blogging platform out there right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

    Great post however I was wondering if you could write a litte
    more on this subject? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Kudos!
    Good day! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog
    platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!
    When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Many thanks!
    Greetings! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a team of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a marvellous job!
    Hey there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress
    because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.
    I would be great if you could point me in the
    direction of a good platform.
    Hey! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him.
    Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems
    as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You definitely know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on
    just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

    Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a
    sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.

    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched
    her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this
    is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

    The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a 30 foot drop, just so she
    can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views.

    I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

    I was wondering if you ever considered changing
    the page layout of your blog? Its very well written; I love
    what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content
    so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful
    lot of text for only having one or 2 pictures. Maybe you could space
    it out better?
    Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just
    curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or
    anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very much appreciated.
    This design is incredible! You obviously know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!
    I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your site.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Excellent work!
    Hi! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I found it and
    I’ll be book-marking and checking back often!
    Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga group? There’s a
    lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your
    content. Please let me know. Thanks
    Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening
    in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, awesome blog!
    Sweet blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Many thanks
    Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog. Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not
    very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where
    to start. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?
    With thanks
    Hello there! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to fix
    this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share.
    Many thanks!
    I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really
    nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later. Many thanks
    I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz respond as I’m looking to create
    my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from.
    cheers
    Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a completely different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!
    Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly.

    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same outcome.

    Hey there are using WordPress for your blog platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started
    and create my own. Do you need any html coding
    knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be
    greatly appreciated!
    Hi this is kinda of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually
    code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding experience so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!
    Hi there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing several weeks of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any solutions to stop hackers?
    Hello! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be
    ok. I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.
    Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers? I’m
    kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any recommendations?
    Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords
    but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share. Many thanks!
    I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what
    all is required to get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100% certain. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Appreciate it
    Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.
    I’m not sure why but this site is loading very slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.
    Heya! I’m at work browsing your blog from my
    new apple iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Carry on the fantastic work!
    Wow that was strange. I just wrote an really long comment
    but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m
    not writing all that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say
    excellent blog!

  7. Excellent, what a website it is! This weblog gives valuable information to us, keep it up.

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. reverse phone call lookup - Tumblr article... I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to...

Lascia un commento

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *

*

È possibile utilizzare questi tag ed attributi XHTML: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>